Traumatic Brain Injury Linked with Increased Risk for Premature Death

Posted Jan 21, 2014

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Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have a higher risk of premature death, particularly from suicides, injuries and assaults, according to a study by Seena Fazel, M.D., of the University of Oxford, United Kingdom, and colleagues.

Study method

TBI is a substantial cause of disability, according to the study background. Researchers studied all patients born in 1954 or later in Sweden that were diagnosed with TBI from 1969 to 2009 (n=218,300). Among 11,053 patients with premature death after TBI, 2,378 (21.5 percent) died 6 months or later after diagnosis. The authors compared mortality rates 6 months or more after TBI with controls (n=2,163,190) and unaffected siblings of patients with TBI (n=150,513).

Findings

Researchers found an increased risk of dying among patients that survived 6 months after TBI compared to those without TBI. The risk remained for years after the TBI. Patients’ risk of death from external causes, including suicide, injury and assault, also was higher. Patients with TBI also were at risk for premature death if they had psychiatric or substance abuse conditions, with 61 percent of premature deaths in TBI patients with a psychiatric or substance abuse diagnosis.

Source: American Medical Association, http://media.jamanetwork.com/news-item/traumatic-brain-injury-linked-with-increased-risk-for-premature-death/

Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have a higher risk of premature death, particularly from suicides, injuries and assaults, according to a study by Seena Fazel, M.D., of the University of Oxford, United Kingdom, and colleagues.

Study method

TBI is a substantial cause of disability, according to the study background. Researchers studied all patients born in 1954 or later in Sweden that were diagnosed with TBI from 1969 to 2009 (n=218,300). Among 11,053 patients with premature death after TBI, 2,378 (21.5 percent) died 6 months or later after diagnosis. The authors compared mortality rates 6 months or more after TBI with controls (n=2,163,190) and unaffected siblings of patients with TBI (n=150,513).

Findings

Researchers found an increased risk of dying among patients that survived 6 months after TBI compared to those without TBI. The risk remained for years after the TBI. Patients’ risk of death from external causes, including suicide, injury and assault, also was higher. Patients with TBI also were at risk for premature death if they had psychiatric or substance abuse conditions, with 61 percent of premature deaths in TBI patients with a psychiatric or substance abuse diagnosis.

Source: American Medical Association, http://media.jamanetwork.com/news-item/traumatic-brain-injury-linked-with-increased-risk-for-premature-death/

Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have a higher risk of premature death, particularly from suicides, injuries and assaults, according to a study by Seena Fazel, M.D., of the University of Oxford, United Kingdom, and colleagues.

Study method

TBI is a substantial cause of disability, according to the study background. Researchers studied all patients born in 1954 or later in Sweden that were diagnosed with TBI from 1969 to 2009 (n=218,300). Among 11,053 patients with premature death after TBI, 2,378 (21.5 percent) died 6 months or later after diagnosis. The authors compared mortality rates 6 months or more after TBI with controls (n=2,163,190) and unaffected siblings of patients with TBI (n=150,513).

Findings

Researchers found an increased risk of dying among patients that survived 6 months after TBI compared to those without TBI. The risk remained for years after the TBI. Patients’ risk of death from external causes, including suicide, injury and assault, also was higher. Patients with TBI also were at risk for premature death if they had psychiatric or substance abuse conditions, with 61 percent of premature deaths in TBI patients with a psychiatric or substance abuse diagnosis.

Source: American Medical Association, http://media.jamanetwork.com/news-item/traumatic-brain-injury-linked-with-increased-risk-for-premature-death/

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